This Index page serves as quick links to the 360-rotator images for common defects, disorders, and diseases found in apples. The list is organized alphabetically under subcategories for each major section. Rotators contain one or more fruit in a way that allows the viewer to turn the image around to see multiple examples of the various conditions exhibited. There are also pop-up captions with explanatory descriptions.
Acknowledgment: The 360-rotators are the result of a collaborative project between WSU Tree Fruit Extension (WSU TFE), the Washington Tree Fruit Research Commission (WTFRC), and The Good Fruit Grower (GFG).
Lead personnel: Rob Blakey (formerly WSU TFE), Ines Hanrahan (WTFRC), and TJ Mullinex (GFG).
Technical assistance: Matthew Ziegler (WSU CAHNRS Communications) and Wendy Jones (WSU TFE).
Instructions: To view a 360-rotator, click on the thumbnail image or its caption to open that image viewer. Once the viewer opens you can rotate the image using the arrows or by dragging the image. You can also choose to view in full-screen mode.
Table of Contents
Defects Includes defects caused by chemicals (burns), mechanical injury, miscellaneous issues (cracking, deformities, etc.), and russeting.
Environmental Damage/Disorders includes heat and freezing damage, sunburn related disorders, and rain cracking
Physiological Disorders Includes disorders that arise pre- and post-harvest.
Postharvest Diseases Includes the many postharvest diseases.
Pests Includes bird and insect damage
Burns, insect feeding, mechanical damage, miscellaneous, various russets
Calcium, CO2 and DPA
Bin scuffing, Clipper damage, Compression bruising, Impact bruising, Limb rub, Pruning damage, Stem puncture
Cracking on shoulder, Cracking at stem bowl, Chimera, Deformed stems, Shrivel, Suture line, Wandering sepal
Early season frost, Fuji flecking, Powdery mildew, Stem bowl & shoulder russet, Side russet