Mapping interception of photosynthetically active radiation in sweet cherry orchards | WSU Tree Fruit | Washington State University Skip to main content Skip to navigation

Mapping interception of photosynthetically active radiation in sweet cherry orchards Published In Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 111:29-37, 2015, by J. Zhang, Q. Zhang, M.D. Whiting

Understanding interception of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) of individual canopies could help advanced orchard management, thus, enhance fruit productivity and quality. The objective of this research was to develop a canopy PAR interception mapping method in Y-trellis trained sweet cherry orchards. A mobile measurement system was developed for continuously collecting constant spatial resolution PAR data at varying moving speeds. A mathematical model was developed to correct the distortion of the projected canopy shadow due to time of day and/or from orchard latitude. The mapping method was evaluated at both the dormant and full canopy stages. Digital images of 10 trees were used to validate the canopy projection correction method in each test. The measurement system achieved constant spatial resolution of 0.01 m·sample−1  within the entire platform speed range of 0–3.8 km h−1. For dormant stage, the relative error in branch elevation angle comparison ranged from 0.1% to 9.6% with a mean of 3.4% ± 3.1%, and for full canopy stage, the relative error in canopy eccentricity ranged from 1.5% to 10.3% with a mean of 4.8% ± 2.6%. Combined, the results showed that the measurement system was capable of collecting high-density data with constant spatial resolution in orchards, and the canopy projection correction method can effectively correct the distortion in canopy maps caused by both imperfect sun zenith and azimuth angles at data collection. Light interception of individual tree canopies and the variation between/within canopies could be extracted from the corrected canopy maps, which should be useful for the advanced orchard management.

Washington State University